Ecohydrology Research Group
Baltimore Ecosystem Study
Assoc. of American Geographers
American Geophysical Union
Our research group is primarily interested in the structure, function and dynamics of watersheds with an emphasis on the quantity and quality of surface water, and ecosystem cycling of carbon and nutrients. In this work we explicitly include the actions of human individual and institutional behavior as part of the watershed ecosystem. We combine field measurement and observation of hydrological and ecological processes with the development and application of distributed watershed models, geographic information science (GISci) and remote sensing techniques. Currently we are working in a range of watersheds within forested, agricultural and urban environments. This encompasses a set of Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites (Baltimore Ecosystem Study and Coweeta), as well as other watersheds in North Carolina (Neuse, Haw, Yadkin, Catawba). Previous work has included work in northern Manitoba, central Saskatchewan, central Ontario, the Loess Plateau of northern China and the Pacific Northwest.
An emphasis of our work in GISci is the representation of watersheds as hierarchical systems based on a landscape framework, including the topography, soils, land cover, and infrastructure, arranged within nested subcatchments, hillslopes, bottomlands and stream channels. Remote sensing techniques are used and developed to extract key attributes of vegetation canopies, along with anthropogenic features. Digital terrain analysis is keyed towards the extraction of the full flowpath network, and the partition of the catchment into the component geomorphic hierarchy features. Demographic databases and household survey are used to describe how households and communities are organized within the watershed, and how we interact directly or indirectly with the environment.
Shields, C., L.E. Band, N. Law, P. Groffman, S. Kaushal, K. Savvas, G. Fisher, K. Belt, 2008. Streamflow Distribution Of Non-Point Source Nitrogen Export From Urban-Rural Catchments In The Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Water Resources Research, 44, W09416, doi:10.1029/2007WR006360.
S.S. Kaushal, P.M. Groffman, L.E. Band, C.A. Shields, R.P. Morgan, M.A. Palmer, K.N. Eshleman, K.T. Belt, C.M. Swan, S.E.G. Findlay, G.T. Fisher, 2008. Interaction between urbanization and climate variability amplifies watershed nitrate export in Maryland, USA. Env. Sci. & Tech., 2008, 10.1021
Pickett, S.T.A., M.L. Cadenasso, J.M. Grove, P.M. Groffman, L.E. Band, C.G. Boone, W.R. Burch Jr., C.S.B. Grimmond, J.Hom, J.C. Jenkins, N.L. Law, C.H. Nilon, R.V. Pouyat, K. Szlavecz, P.S. Warren, M.A. Wilson, 2008. Beyond Urban Legends: An Emerging Framework of Urban Ecology, as Illustrated by the Baltimore Ecosystem Study. Bioscience, v.58. p.139-150.
E.S. Bernhardt, L.E. Band, C.J. Walsh, and P.E. Berke, 2008. Understanding, managing, and minimizing urban impacts on surface water nitrogen loading. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, v. 1134, 61-96.
M.L. Cadenasso, S.T.A.Pickett, L.E. Band, G.S. Brush, M.F. Galvin, P.M. Groffman, J.M. Grove, G. Hagar, V. Marshall, B. McGrath, J. O’Neil-Dunne, B. Stack, and A. Troy, 2008. Exchanges across land-water-scape boundaries in urban systems: Strategies for reducing nitrate pollution, Annals of the New York Academy of Science, v. 1134.
National Research Council, Committee on Integrated Observations for Hydrologic and Related Sciences, Water Science Technology Board 2008. “Integrating multiscale observations of U.S. waters.” National Academies Press, 181p.
National Research Council, Committee on Reducing Stormwater Discharge Contributions to Water Pollution , Water Science Technology Board 2008. “Urban Stormwater Management in the United States.” National Academies Press, 513p.
D.L. Tenenbaum, L.E. Band, C.L. Tague, S. Kenworthy, 2006. Analysis of soil moisture patterns in forested and suburban catchments using high resolution photogrammetric and LIDAR digital elevation datasets. Hydrological Processes, v.20(2), p.219-240.
Band, L.E., M. Cadenasso, S. Grimmond, M. Grove, S.T. Pickett, 2005. Heterogeneity in Urban Ecosystems: Pattern and Process. In, Lovett,G.M., C.G. Jones, M.G. Turner, and K.C. Weathers, editors. Ecosystem Function in Heterogeneous Landscapes. Springer-Verlag, NY ().
C.L. Tague, L.E. Band and J. Franklin 2005. Terrestrial Ecosystems. Ch.H109 in, eds. M. Anderson, J. McDonnell, Encyclopedia of Hydrology, John Wiley.
L.E. Band and C. Tague 2005. Feedbacks and Coupling between Water, Carbon and Nutrient Cycling at the Hillslope Scale. Ch. 4.10, in Axel Bronstert, Jesus Carrera, Pavel Kabat, Sabine Lütkemeier (Eds), Coupled Models for the Hydrological Cycle - Integrating Atmosphere, Biosphere, and Pedosphere. Springer-Verlag, 2005
Song, C. and L.E. Band, 2004. MVP: A Model to Simulate the Spatial Patterns of Photosynthetically Active Radiation Under Discrete Forest Canopies. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, v.34, p.1192-1203.
Groffman, P.M., N.L. Law, K.T. Belt, L.E. Band and G.T. Fisher. 2004. Nitrogen fluxes and retention in urban watershed ecosystems. Ecosystems, v.7, p.393-403.
Law, N.L., L.E. Band, J.M. Grove, 2004. Nitrogen input from residential lawn care practices in suburban watersheds in Baltimore County, MD. Journal of Environmental Management, 47(5), 737–755.
Tague, C.L., L.E. Band, 2004. RHESSys: Regional Hydro-Ecologic Simulation System—An Object-Oriented Approach to Spatially Distributed Modeling of Carbon, Water, and Nutrient Cycling. Earth Interactions 2004 8: 1-42.
Reckhow, K., L.E. Band, C. Duffy, et al 2004. Designing hydrologic observatories: A paper prototype of the Neuse Watershed. A report to the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Sciences, Inc. CUAHSI Technical Report Number 6, December, 2004, Washington, D.C.
Groffman, P.M., D.J. Bain, L.E. Band, K.T. Belt, G.S. Brush, J.M. Grove, R.V. Pouyat, I.C. Yesilonis, W.C. Zipperer, 2003. Down by the riverside: Urban riparian ecology. Front Ecol Environ, 1(6), 315-321.
Mackay, D.S., S. Samanta, R.R. Nemani, and L.E. Band. 2003. Multi-objective parameter estimation for simulating canopy transpiration in forested watersheds. Journal of Hydrology v.277, 230-247.
Creed, I. F., C. G. Trick, L. E. Band, I. K. Morrison 2002. Characterizing the Spatial Pattern of Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Pools in the Turkey Lakes Watershed: A Comparison of Regression Techniques. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, v.2, p.81-102.
Groffman, P.M., N.J. Boulware, W.C. Zipperer, R.V. Pouyat, L.E. Band, M.F. Colosimo 2002. Soil nitrogen cycle processes in urban riparian zones. Environmental Sciences and Technology, v.36, p.4547-4552.
Wing, S., S. Friedman and L. Band 2002. The potential influence of flooding on confined animal feeding operations in eastern North Carolina. Environmental Health Perspectives, v.110, p.387-391.
L.E. Band, F. Ogden J. Butler, D. Goodrich, R. Hooper, D. Kane, B. Lyons, D. McKnight, N. Miller, M. Williams, K. Potter, B. Scanlon, R. Pielke, K. Reckhow, 2002. Hydrologic Observatories. CUAHSI Technical Report Number 4, August 2002, Washington D.C.
L.E. Band, C.L. Tague, P. Groffman and K. Belt, 2001. Forest ecosystem processes at the watershed scale: Hydrological and ecological controls of nitrogen export. Hydrological Processes, v.15, p.2013-2028.
C.L. Tague and L.E. Band, 2001. Simulating the impacts of road construction and forest harvesting on hydrologic response. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v26, p.135-151.
C.L. Tague and L.E. Band, 2001. Evaluating explicit and implicit routing for watershed, hydroecological models of forest hydrology at the small catchment scale. Hydrological Processes, v.15, p.1415-1439.
L.E. Band, C.L. Tague, S.E. Brun, D.E. Tenenbaum, R.A. Fernandes 2000. Modeling watersheds as spatial object hierarchies: Structure and dynamics. Transactions in Geographic Information Systems, v.4, p.181-196.
S.E. Brun and L.E. Band 2000. Simulating runoff behavior in an urbanizing watershed. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, v.24, p.5-22.
Walko, R.L., L.E. Band, J. Baron, T.G.F. Kittel, R. Lammers, T.J. Lee, R.A. Pielke, Sr., C. Taylor, C. Tague, C.J. Tremback, P.L. Vidale 2000. Coupled atmosphere-biophysics-hydrology models for environmental modeling. Journal of Applied Meteorology, v39, p.931-944.
J.S Baron, M.D. Hartman, L.E. Band and R.B. Lammers 2000. Sensitivity of a high-elevation Rocky Mountain watershed to altered climate and CO2. Water Resources Research, v.36, p.89-100.
I teach courses in hydrology, earth surface processes, environmental modeling, biogeoscience and GISci. My teaching has included additional courses in soils, remote sensing, quantitative methods at UNC, University of Toronto and Hunter College (CUNY).