406 Atmospheric Processes II (4). Principles of analysis of the atmosphere are applied to the analysis of environmental phenomena. The link between the atmosphere and other environmental compartments is explored through environmental case studies Three lecture hours and one lab hour a week.

410 Modeling Environmental Systems (3). Prerequisite, GEOG 110 or equivalent. Use of systems theory and computer modeling to understand general issues in climate, vegetation, geomorphology, soils, and hydrology crossing time and space scales and for linear and dynamic systems.

412 Synoptic Meteorology (3). Prerequisite, GEOG 110 or 111. An analysis of synoptic weather patterns and the processes responsible for them. Climatological aspects of these weather patterns are emphasized.

414 Climate Change (3). An investigation of the scientific basis of climate change (past, present, and future), the current state of knowledge concerning future projections, and the implications of climate change for society and the environment.

416 Applied Climatology: The Impacts of Climate and Weather on Environmental and Social Systems (3). Applied climatology involves the interdisciplinary application of climate data and techniques to solve a wide range of societal and environmental problems. This projects-based course investigates how climate impacts a range of sectors, including water resources, urban environments, ecosystems, and human health.

419 Field Methods in Physical Geography (3). Involves evaluation of landscapes by examining nature and biophysical elements influencing landscape form and function. Course emphasizes data collection, analysis, and interpretation using GIS and field methods.

423 Social Geography (3). A study of spatial components of current social problems such as poverty, race relations, environmental deterioration and pollution, and crime.

424 Geographies of Religion (3). This course considers the theoretical and empirical dimensions of religion from a geographical perspective. The course introduces the key theories linking space, place, and religion and helps students apply these new theoretical tools to examine some of the pressing issues in the contemporary study of religion.

428 Global Cities (3). This course addresses questions of power, politics, and identity in the urban environment, with a focus on the emergence of key selected global cities.

429 Urban Political Geography: Durham, North Carolina (3). An interdisciplinary exploration of urban social problems, bridging the literature on urban geography with that on urban politics. Students will be required to complete 30 hours of service for an organization that works on an urban social issue.

430 Global Migrations, Local Impacts: Urbanization and Migration in the United States (3). This course explores the relationship between patterns of urban development in the United States and migration, in both historical and contemporary contexts.

434 The Cultural Ecology of Urbanization, Agriculture, and Disease (3). Examines the role of interactions of cultures, environments, and human diseases in the quest for sustainable agriculture by examining the cultural ecology of systems and their human diseases.

435 Environmental Politics (3). This course brings geographical perspectives on place, space, scale, and environmental change to the study of environmental politics. In lectures, texts, and student research, we examine topics including environmental health risks, globalization and urban environments, and the role of science in environmental politics.

436 Governance, Institutions, and Global Environmental Change (3). Interdisciplinary course for advanced undergraduates and graduate students. Focuses on multiscale environmental issues and related social, institutional, governance, and policy challenges. Examines key concepts and theories involving global environmental change and problem-solving efforts.

440 Earth Surface Processes (GEOL 502) (3). Prerequisite, GEOG 110 or GEOL 111. Focuses on the processes of soil formation, erosion, and landform evolution, with an emphasis on the interaction of geomorphic processes with surface hydrology and ecosystems.

441 Introduction to Watershed Systems (3). Prerequisite, GEOG 110. Introduction to hydrologic and geomorphic processes and forms in watersheds as applied to problems in flood analysis, water quality, and interactions with ecosystem processes. The course will cover the structure of drainage networks, nested catchments, and distribution and controls of precipitation, evaporation, runoff, soil, and groundwater flow.

442 Fluvial Geomorphology (3). Introduction to landforms and processes associated with flowing water at the earth‚s surface. Course includes hydrology, sedimentology, and theories of channel formation, and drainage basin evolution.

444 Landscape Biogeography (3). This course is concerned with the application of biogeographical principles and techniques to the study of natural and human-modified landscapes. It includes local and extra-regional case studies.

445 Medical Geography (3). The human ecology of health is studied by analyzing the cultural/environmental interactions that lie behind world patterns of disease distribution, diffusion and treatment, and the ways these are being altered by development.

446 Geography of Health Care Delivery (3). This course covers basics, including personnel and facility distributions, accessibility, regionalization, and location/allocation modeling; spatial analysis and GIS; and the cultural geography of health care, including humanist and political economic perspectives. Staff.

447 Gender, Space, and Place in the Middle East (INTS 447, ASIA 447)(3.) Examines gender, space and place relationships in the modern Middle East. Investigates shifting gender geographies of colonialism, nationalism, modernization and globalization in this region.

448 Transnational Geographies of Muslim Societies (INTS 448) (3). Examines new modern Muslim geographies that are created by transnational flows, connections, and imaginaries that cross national and regional boundaries across the Middle East, Southwest Asia, and beyond.

451 Population, Development, and the Environment (3). Introduction to contemporary and historical changes in human population, international development, and the global environment and how these processes interact, drawing on population geography as an organizing framework. Previously offered as GEOG 450.

452 Mobile Geographies: the Political Economy of Migration (3). This course explores the contemporary experience of migrants. Various theoretical approaches are introduced, with the emphasis on a political economy approach.

453 Political Geography (PWAD 453) (3). The geography of politics is explored at the global, the nation-state, and the local scale in separate units, but the interconnections between these geographical scales are emphasized throughout.

454 Historical Geography of the United States (FOLK 454) (3). A study of selected past geographies of the United States with emphasis on the significant geographic changes in population, cultural, and economic conditions through time.

457 Rural Latin America: Agriculture, Environment, and Natural Resources (3). Prerequisite, GEOG 259 or permission of instructor. Explores a systems and cultural-ecological view of agriculture, environment, natural resource, and rural development issues in Latin America.

458 Urban Latin America: Politics, Economy, and Society (3). Prerequisite, GEOG 259 or permission of instructor. Examines contemporary issues in urban Latin America, including geographical concepts, political trajectories of individual countries, and urban-based activist social movements.

460 Geographies of Economic Change (3). This course is designed to explore changing geographies of production and consumption in theory and practice.

464 Europe Today: Transnationalism, Globalisms, and the Geographies of Pan-Europe (INTS 464) (3). A survey by topic and country of Europe west of Russia. Those features that made Europe a distinct and important region today are emphasized.

470 Political Ecology: Geographical Perspectives (3). Examines foundational concepts and methods and their relevance for understanding nature-society relationships. Discussions on environmental change and conflict and how nature is bound up with relations of power and constructions of identity.

477 Introduction to Remote Sensing and Digital Image Processing (3). Prerequisite, GEOG 370 or equivalent. Emphasizes methods of data analysis that offer an automated approach to spatial and non-spatial data synthesis which combines a system of data capture, storage, management, retrieval, analysis, and display.

480 Liberation Geographies: The Place, Politics, and Practice of Resistance (3). An examination of the theory and history of resistance in the modern world, including instances of contestation from ‘foot dragging’ to the formation of social movements, and exploring the relationship between place and protest.

481 Ethnographies of Globalization: An Upper-Level Research Design Class (3). Emphasizes geographic patterns and interrelationships in energy, climate, terrain, and life. Develops integrative view of how atmospheric, hydrologic, geomorphic, and biotic processes create global patterns in the environment. Incorporates influence of human activities on Earth. Class will help students understand the natural environment, both globally and in North Carolina.

491 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (PLAN 491) (3). Prerequisite, GEOG 370 or equivalent. Stresses the spatial analysis and modeling capabilities of organizing data within a geographic information system.

493 Internship (3). Open to junior and senior geography majors. Geography internships combine substantive geographic work experience with an academic project designed to integrate theory and practice. Field work is included.

541 GIS In Public Health (3). Explores theory and application of geographic information systems (GIS) for public health. The course includes an overview of the principles of GIS in public health and practical experience in its use.

542 Neighborhoods and Health (3). This course explores how neighborhood context influences the health of the populations living in them. It includes a survey of neighborhoods and health theory and empirical examples.

543 Qualitative Methods in Geography (3). This course teaches qualitative methods in geography for graduate and advanced undergraduate students. We will cover interviews, focus groups, visual, and other methodologies. We will also discuss modes of analysis, coding, and writing up qualitative research for publication.

577 Advanced Remote Sensing (3). Prerequisite, GEOG 370, 477 or equivalent. Acquisition, processing, and analysis of satellite digital data for the mapping and characterization of land cover types.

591 Applied Geographic Information Systems (PLAN 591) (3). Prerequisite, GEOG 477, 491, or equivalent. Applied issues in the use of geographic information systems in terrain analysis, medical geography, biophysical analysis, and population geography.

592 Geoghraphic Information Science Programming (3). Prerequisites GEOG 370 or GEOG 491. This course will teach students the elements of GISc software development using major GIS platforms. Students will modularly build a series of applications through the term, culminating in an integrated GIS applications program.

594 Global Positioning Systems and Applications (3). Prerequisite, GEOG 370. Global positioning systems (GPS) fundamental theory, application design, post processing, integration of GPS data into GIS and GPS application examples (such as public health, business, etc.) will be introduced.

597 Ecological Modeling (3). Prerequisites, STAT 101 and BIOL 561 or equivalents with instructor’s permission. This course focuses on modeling terrestrial forest ecosystem processes, including population dynamics, energy, water, nutrients, and carbon flow through the ecosystem.

650 Technology and Democracy Workshop (3). Are technological choices open to democratic participation? Through a novel research workshop format, this graduate and undergraduate course explores political and geographical dimensions of technological change around key environmental issues–energy, water, and waste.

691H Honors (3). By permission of the department. Required of all students aspiring to honors in geography. Directed readings, research, and writing.

692H Honors (3). Required of all students aspiring to honors in geography. Preparation of a senior thesis. Prerequisite 691H.

697 Geography Research Seminar (Capstone Seminar in Geographic Research) A systematic study of the approaches, key concepts, and methods of geography, emphasizing the application of these approaches through hands-on independent research designed and implemented by the students.